Study realised by the OEE under the coordination of Didier Davydoff, at the request of The European Parliament’s Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON)

Study realised by Michel Boutillier (EconomiX, Paris X Nanterre University & CNRS), Nathalie Lévy (Tours University & EconomiX) and Valérie Oheix (EconomiX, Paris X Nanterre University & CNRS)

Study conducted by Yamina Tadjeddine (FORUM-Paris X) and a research team: Michel Aglietta (CEPII, FORUM), Nicolas Meisel (OECD), Sabine Montagne (IRIS, Paris IX), Valérie Rabault (BNP-Paribas)